Basic first aid to deal with minor cuts

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Most cuts and grazes are minor and can be easily treated at home. Get immediate medical attention for a wound that is deep, bleeds heavily, or has something embedded in it. If it's a minor cut or scrape, below are tips on what to do.

What You'll Need

  • Running drinking-quality water
  • A clean towel or bandage
  • A dressing

What You'll Do

  • Stop the bleeding; Stop any bleeding before covering with a dressing by applying firm direct, pressure to the affected area using a clean dry absorbent material, such as a towel or bandage, for several minutes. If the injury is to the lower limb, lie down and raise the affected area to above the level of your heart. If the cut is to the hand or upper limb, raise it above your head to reduce the blood flow. If the cut wound doesn’t stop bleeding, get medical help right away.
  • Clean the wound; Firstly wash and dry your hand thoroughly. Clean the wound under drinking-quality running tap water for several minutes, taking care to remove any dirt or debris. Pat the area dry with a clan towel and following this, apply a sterile dressing. Keep this dressing clean and dry, changing it as often as necessary. Once the wound has healed, usually after a few days, remove the dressing.

Tips & Warnings

  • Please seek medical attention if the wound is deep or very large, bleeds heavily, has something embedded in it/foreign body, was caused by a human or animal bite, persisting or significant loss of sensation near the wound, having trouble moving any body part or if you think your wound is infected.
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